Primitive Types

The following table describes Java primitive types and their machine-dependent native equivalents.

Primitive Types and Native Equivalents
Java Type Native Type Description
boolean jboolean unsigned 8 bits
byte jbyte signed 8 bits
char jchar unsigned 16 bits
short jshort signed 16 bits
int jint signed 32 bits
long jlong signed 64 bits
float jfloat 32 bits
double jdouble 64 bits
void void not applicable

The following definition is provided for convenience.

#define JNI_FALSE  0
#define JNI_TRUE   1

The jsize integer type is used to describe cardinal indices and sizes:

typedef jint jsize;

Reference Types

The JNI includes a number of reference types that correspond to different kinds of Java objects. JNI reference types are organized in the following hierarchy:

  • jobject
    • jclass (java.lang.Class objects)
    • jstring (java.lang.String objects)
    • jarray (arrays)
      • jobjectArray (object arrays)
      • jbooleanArray (boolean arrays)
      • jbyteArray (byte arrays)
      • jcharArray (char arrays)
      • jshortArray (short arrays)
      • jintArray (int arrays)
      • jlongArray (long arrays)
      • jfloatArray (float arrays)
      • jdoubleArray (double arrays)
    • jthrowable (java.lang.Throwable objects)

In C, all other JNI reference types are defined to be the same as jobject. For example:

typedef jobject jclass;

In C++, JNI introduces a set of dummy classes to enforce the subtyping relationship. For example:

class _jobject {};
class _jclass : public _jobject {};
// ...
typedef _jobject *jobject;
typedef _jclass *jclass;

Field and Method IDs

Method and field IDs are regular C pointer types:

struct _jfieldID;              /* opaque structure */
typedef struct _jfieldID *jfieldID;   /* field IDs */

struct _jmethodID;              /* opaque structure */
typedef struct _jmethodID *jmethodID; /* method IDs */

The Value Type

The jvalue union type is used as the element type in argument arrays. It is declared as follows:

typedef union jvalue {
    jboolean z;
    jbyte    b;
    jchar    c;
    jshort   s;
    jint     i;
    jlong    j;
    jfloat   f;
    jdouble  d;
    jobject  l;
} jvalue;

Type Signatures

The JNI uses the Java VM’s representation of type signatures. The following table shows these type signatures.

Java VM Type Signatures
Type Signature Java Type
Z boolean
B byte
C char
S short
I int
J long
F float
D double
L fully-qualified-class ; fully-qualified-class
[ type type[]
( arg-types ) ret-type method type

For example, the Java method:

long f (int n, String s, int[] arr);

has the following type signature:




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